Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder characterized by the cessation of breath. If you feel tired even after a good night's sleep and snore throughout the night, you most likely have sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most prevalent sleep disorder. Demographics show that both males and females of all ages are equally likely to suffer from sleep apnea. Star City Dental provides counseling regarding sleep apnea and how we can help you sleep better at night.
Types of Sleep Apnea
There are three types of sleep apnea. First, we have chronic obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is the most common type. OSA is characterized by cessation of breath due to the complete relaxation of throat muscles present at the back of your mouth. If you suffer from sleep apnea, you will present with signs of snoring or gasping for air between five to thirty times a night. Secondly, we have central sleep apnea. This type of sleep apnea involves the cessation of breathing because of irregular signals from the brain. This causes individuals to stop breathing altogether or breathe in insufficient amounts of oxygen. Lastly, we have complex sleep apnea syndrome. It is an umbrella term that covers the various causes that may be the cause of the apnea. It may be a mix of central sleep apnea along with heart problems that cause this.
How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?
To rule out the possibility of sleep apnea, you will undergo a test called polysomnography. Before the test is carried out, an assessment is taken of any signs, symptoms, and history to provide essential hints as to the cause of your sleep disturbance. During the polysomnography test, you stay over at a clinic or hospital where a sleep specialist monitors your sleep. Your heart, lungs, brain, oxygen saturation and pressure, bodily movements, and breathing pattern are closely monitored. If you demonstrate signs of sleep apnea, your diagnosis will be made based on the three types described above.
Who Is at Risk of Developing Sleep Apnea?
There are certain people who are more at risk for each type of sleep apnea. Chronic obstructive sleep apnea risk factors include age of forty years or above, excessive abdominal and neck fat, and small neck circumference. Moreover, if you have a prevalent family history of sleep apnea, it is more likely that you will also have sleep apnea. Other factors that can increase the risk of developing sleep apnea are smoking and the consumption of alcohol. In the case of central apnea, risk factors include age, cardiac disorders, and the use of tranquilizers and narcotics. Sleep apnea presents other difficulties such as fluctuating blood pressure and heartbeat and daytime fatigue due to irregular sleep. Additionally, there is an increased risk of developing type-II diabetes and metabolic syndrome (high LDL levels, high blood sugar, and heart diseases).
Sleep apnea is a condition that drastically impacts the quality of life of individuals who have it. If not treated promptly, it could pose serious risks to a person’s health. There are many treatment options available. If you suspect you have sleep apnea, visit us at Star City Dental or reach out to us at (402) 858-0525. We have highly trained professionals that can help you.